Invited Address: Presidential Program--Jamy D. Ard, MD, Divergent Responses to an Obesogenic
Length: 50 minutes
Session part of the Presidential Theme: Obesity. We all live in an obesogenic environment. The availability of high energy dense, palatable, inexpensive food is only surpassed by the mechanized labor-saving and entertainment devices designed to keep us from moving too much. We have evolved from a society of hunter-gatherers to a society of drive-through picker-uppers. A number of factors likely determine our responses to the obesogenic environment, including level of exposure, resources available, and our biologic predisposition to energy imbalance. Despite the individual variation in these factors, certain patterns of obesity prevalence have developed over time, with a higher prevalence being noted in African-American women. Reasons for a seemingly higher susceptibility of African-American women to the obesogenic environment are unclear; equally unclear are the reasons for their differential response to treatment. The objective of this presentation is to inform the audience of socioeconomic and cultural factors that may be influencing weight related behaviors and the interplay of these variables in predicting body weight and perceptions of body image.
Learning Objective 1
Summarize the numerous factors that contribute to modern society’s obesogenic environment.
Learning Objective 2
Analyze patterns of behavior that develop in response to the obesogenic environment and how they vary due to cultural and socioeconomic factors.
Learning Objective 3
Discuss how cultural and socioeconomic factors relate to the effectiveness of various treatment options.
Jamy D. Ard, MD; David Janicke, PhD